Spain General Election Results


With all in-person and mail-in votes counted, no political party or likely coalition has won enough seats in the Congress of Deputies to declare victory. Both PSOE, the mainstream social-democratic party of Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez, and their conservative opponents PP, fell short of the 176 seats needed for a majority, even when combined with parties likely to ally with them.

Seats needed for a majority

Major left parties

Major right parties

Party

Percent

Seats
33.05% 136
31.70 122
12.39 33
12.31 31
7.26 28

Many voters in the Basque region voted for nationalist Basque parties Bildu and PNV.

PSOE increased its support in Catalonia, but pro-independence parties Junts and ERC will be key to forming a new government.

Voters in Madrid shifted to the right. Conservative PP won a strong 40% of the vote, 15 percentage points more than in 2019.

Far-right Vox fell to third place in Murcia, the only province where they won the most votes in the last general election.

Ballots from Spanish citizens living abroad have not yet been counted and may change the outcome in a few competitive seats. They will be tallied at the end of July.

The inconclusive result may lead to weeks of negotiation between the parties, or even a new vote later this year.

Vox, a far-right anti-immigration party expected to form a coalition with PP, lost 19 seats, failing to deliver the votes needed to achieve a right-wing bloc.

Sumar, a progressive coalition expected to support PSOE, finished a close fourth. Their leader, the second deputy prime minister and labor minister Yolanda Díaz, was boosted by a strong debate performance in the final days of the campaign, where she challenged the anti-feminist policies of Vox leader Santiago Abascal.

Possible coalitions

176 seats required for majority

Major right parties

PP
Vox

=
0
seats

Major right parties plus smaller parties

PP
Vox
PNV
CC
UPN

=
0
seats

Major left parties

PSOE
Sumar

=
0
seats

Major left parties plus smaller parties

PSOE
Sumar
PNV
BNG
Bildu
ERC

=
0
seats

Major left parties plus smaller and all Catalan parties

PSOE
Sumar
PNV
BNG
Bildu
ERC
Junts

=
0
seats

Both the progressive and conservative blocs will need to gain the support of smaller regional parties if they want to reach a majority of seats.

PP and Vox will need the vote of PNV, a Basque nationalist party that supported a government led by Mr. Sánchez in 2019 and is unlikely to support a right-wing coalition. They will also need the support of two smaller parties with one seat each, Coalición Canaria (CC), a nationalist party from Canary Islands that recently formed a regional government with the vote of PP, and Unión del Pueblo Navarro (UPN), a historical partner of PP in Navarra.

PSOE and Sumar will have to revalidate the support of the parties that voted for Mr. Sánchez in 2019 and will have to seek the backing of Junts, a Catalan nationalist party.

Míriam Nogueras, a Junts candidate in Barcelona, said, “We will not support Mr. Sánchez in return for nothing… Our priority is Catalonia, not the governability of the country.”

Results by Province

Places where PSOE led in the May local election

Places where PSOE led in the May local election

Seats
Province Margin PSOE+
Sumar
PP+
Vox
Others % In
Barcelona 0 0 0 0%
Seville 0 0 0 0%
Asturias 0 0 0 0%
Badajoz 0 0 0 0%
Granada 0 0 0 0%
Toledo 0 0 0 0%
Jaén 0 0 0 0%
Santa Cruz de Tenerife 0 0 0 0%
Las Palmas 0 0 0 0%
Ciudad Real 0 0 0 0%
Cáceres 0 0 0 0%
León 0 0 0 0%
Albacete 0 0 0 0%
Guadalajara 0 0 0 0%
Tarragona 0 0 0 0%
Cuenca 0 0 0 0%
Girona 0 0 0 0%
Soria 0 0 0 0%

…where other parties were ahead

…where other parties were ahead

Seats
Province Margin PSOE+
Sumar
PP+
Vox
Others % In
Biscay 0 0 0 0%
Guipúzcoa 0 0 0 0%
Navarra 0 0 0 0%
Álava 0 0 0 0%
Lleida 0 0 0 0%

…where PP was ahead

…where PP was ahead

Seats
Province Margin PSOE+
Sumar
PP+
Vox
Others % In
Madrid 0 0 0 0%
Valencia 0 0 0 0%
Alicante 0 0 0 0%
Málaga 0 0 0 0%
Murcia 0 0 0 0%
A Coruña 0 0 0 0%
Pontevedra 0 0 0 0%
Zaragoza 0 0 0 0%
Cádiz 0 0 0 0%
Córdoba 0 0 0 0%
Balearic Islands 0 0 0 0%
Almería 0 0 0 0%
Castellón 0 0 0 0%
Valladolid 0 0 0 0%
Huelva 0 0 0 0%
Lugo 0 0 0 0%
Salamanca 0 0 0 0%
Cantabria 0 0 0 0%
La Rioja 0 0 0 0%
Ourense 0 0 0 0%
Burgos 0 0 0 0%
Zamora 0 0 0 0%
Huesca 0 0 0 0%
Ávila 0 0 0 0%
Segovia 0 0 0 0%
Palencia 0 0 0 0%
Teruel 0 0 0 0%
Melilla 0 0 0 0%
Ceuta 0 0 0 0%



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